Environmental ethics believes in the ethical relationship between human beings and the natural environment. Environmental ethics says that one should base their behavior on a set of ethical values that guide our approach toward the other living beings in nature. Environmental ethics is about including the rights of non-human animals in our ethical and moral values. Even if the human race is considered the primary concern of society, animals and plants are in no way less important. They have a right to get their fair share of existence.
Two levels of ethics are most prevalent – “descriptive ethics” and “prescriptive ethics.” Prescriptive ethics deals with moral issues in the conventional sense of that term, that is, with questions of right or wrong, duties and rights, justice and injustice, virtue and wickedness, and so forth. In particular, a new environmental ethic may have to challenge four basic traditions of anthropocentrism, reductive analysis, egocentric perspective and the fact/value gap.